The Modern English Futhorch

 

 

Elder Futhark

 

Younger Futhark

 

Old English Futhorc

 

Mediæval Scandinavian

 

Keyboard Mapper

Note for Google chrome Users: If Runestaves do not display then click here: http://gschoppe.com/blog/fixing-unicode-support-in-google-chrome/

This is a version of the Futhark that can be used for writing Modern English. The various older futharks are unfit because of the number of sounds in Modern English and because of the way the sound changes have affected their names (which are meant to give a clue to their pronunciation.

The table below can be used with the keyboard mapper that I have developped and can be obtained by clicking the relevant link.

I have taken the approach of one runestaff for one sound rather than trying to do a one-to-one correspondence with the Latin alphabet. This is how runes have always worked – there is no point replicating English’s 13th century spelling when using runestaves!

So for example when writing in Latin script ‘I’ has two pronunciations as in ‘fit’ and in ‘fight’ – Old English had two runestaves corresponding to modern English ‘I’ (ᛁ and ᚣ.). I have allocated the first to the sound in ‘fit’ (ᚠᛁᛏ) and the second to the sound in ‘fight’ (ᚠᚣᛏ).

Note punctuation is different – there are three punctuation marks when using runestaves:

·            Used at start and end of a sentence.

·            Used between words instead of a space.

·            Used to indicate missing runes (like an apostrophe) or to highlight (like quotation marks).

Modern English Runestaves

 

Unicode

Keyboard

Numbers 1 to 34 (other than 30) are Old English Runestaves 1 to 34.

1

16A0

F

f as in 'fee'

Fee

 

2

16A2

U

u as in 'up'.

(Up) Ower

note - name no longer acrophonic; an Ower is an aurochs

3

16A6

@ ‘

th as in 'thorn'

Thorn

 

4

16A9

O

o as in 'cot'

Os

Pronounce Ozz; an Os is a god.

5

16B1

R

r as in 'raid'

Raid

Do not use for 'silent R' in words such as 'farmer', 'bird' or 'butter' - see runestaff 30 instead

6

16B3

C

ch as in 'cheese'

Cheen

 A cheen is a torch

7

16B7

G

g as in 'gift'

Gift

 

8

16B9

W

w as in 'win'

Wyn

 Wyn means joy

9

16BB

H

h as in 'hail'

Hail

10

16BE

N

n as in 'need'

Need

 

11

16C1

I

i as in 'in'

(In) Ice

note - name no longert acrophonic

12

16C4

Y

y as in 'year'

Year

 

13

16C7

8

ew as in 'yew', oo as in 'food'

Yew

Rune reused because of name acrophony

14

16C8

P

p as in 'path'

Parth

 

15

16C9

X

sh as in she

(She) Elk

Runestaff reused - name not acrophonic

16

16CB

S

s as in 'sun'

Sile

 Sile is an old word for the sun

17

16CF

T

t as in 'tree'

Tew

 

18

16D2

B

b as in 'birch'

Birch

 

19

16D6

4

a as in 'hay'

Eigh

 An old word meaning Horse.

20

16D7

M

m as in 'man'

Man

 

21

16DA

L

l as in 'law'

Law

 Meaning a lake

22

16DD

Q

ng as in 'sing'

Ing

The onetime first god of the English, the Danes and the Swedes

23

16DF

E

e as in 'ethel'

Ethel

New sound owing to sound change; ethel means heritage

24

16DE

D

d as in 'day'

Day

 

25

16AA

5

o as in 'oak'

Oak

 

26

16AB

A

a as in 'ash'

Ash

 

27

16A3

2

y as in 'fly'

Yre

 

28

16E0

6

ee as in 'bee'

Ear

 

29

16E3

K

k as in 'caulk'

Caulk

 

30

16E8

¬ ` ¦

ear as in 'earth' or er as in 'butter'

Earth

Icelandic YF № 16 with new name; used for 'silent r' which is pronounced in America and Scotland but a low vowel at best in England.

31

16B8

J

j as in 'jaw'

Jaw

OE 31 with new name

32

16E1

7

‘aw' as in 'awe' or 'o' as in 'yore'

Yore

OE 32 reused but name kept

33

16E2

| \

free

Kwarth

OE 33 unused

34

16E5

Z

z as in 'zed'

(Zed) Stone

OE 34

35

16A1

V

v as in 'vixen'

Vixen

MR 17 with new name

36

16A5

3

ou as in 'mouse'

Owzel

MR 30 reused with name of OE rune 2

37

16A7

~ #

th as in 'that'

That

MR 18 with new name

38

16AE

9

u as in 'sugar'

Sugar

MR 4 with new name

39

16EA

: ;

s as in 'measure'

Measure

MR 31 reused

40

16EE

) 0

a as in 'calm' or 'army'

Arlaw

MR 36 used because acrophonic

 

16AF

1

 

Oy

MR 27

 

16EF

_ -

 

Two-man

 

 

16F0

+ =

 

Bale-Thor

 

 

16EB

< ,

 

 

Use between words

 

16EC

> .

 

 

Use for comma & highlight

 

16ED

? /

 

 

Use start & end of sentence.

 

 

 

© Edwin Ramm 2014.
To contact me My Email Address.
Last updated: January 8th, 2014.